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Frequently Asked Questions

OB GYN Associates has provided you with questions that our doctors and nurses are frequently asked. We strive to provide our patients with as much information as possible to alleviate uncertainties and fears. If you do not find the information you're looking for then please feel free to contact our office to make an appointment or speak with someone.

What are my health care provider’s credentials?

We invite you to visit our “about our providers” section of the website to learn about our physicians and health care providers

At what age should women begin having an annual exam?

A woman should begin having an annual exam at the age of 18 or when they become sexually active.

What is a PAP smear?

A PAP smear is a test intended to screen for cervical cancer. It shows doctors if a patient needs to come back in for further evaluation.

Is it normal to experience the loss of urine during day to day activities?

No matter your age, it is never normal to lose urine involuntarily. Come in for an evaluation and to discuss treatment options.

Is there any form of treatment for osteoporosis?

Yes, there are a couple different treatment options for patients with osteoporosis. These can include calcium and vitamin D supplements, exercise, and possible estrogen replacement or bisphosphonate.

When will I be able to tell if my baby is a boy or girl?

Around the 20th week of your pregnancy an ultrasound will be performed that will usually be able to determine the sex of your baby.

What medicines are safe to take while pregnant?

The following is a list of approved medicines that are safe to take while pregnant.
For pain or fever: Tylenol (Regular or extra-strength)
Congestion or allergy: Actifed, Sudafed, Benadryl, Tylenol Cold & Sinus, Claritin
Heartburn: Tums, Mylanta, Maalox, Zantac, Tagamet, Pepcid AC
Cough: Robitussin, Triaminic
Nausea: Vitamin B6 50 mg 2X daily, Peppermint or ginger tea
Constipation: Metamucil, Colace, Surfak, Glycerin Suppository
Diarrhea: Kaopectate, Immodium

How much weight should I expect to gain during my pregnancy?

On average women gain 25 to 35 pounds, most being during their 2nd and 3rd trimester but every woman is different.
0-5 pounds in the first 12 weeks
½ pound-1 pound a week during second and third trimesters

What/how much should I eat during pregnancy?

We need an average of only 300 extra calories daily during pregnancy (one bagel or ½ a deli sandwich). “Eating for two” will result in excessive weight gain. Most women will lose only 15-20 pounds in the first few weeks postpartum, with the rest stored as fat, so weight gain of 25-35 pounds is ideal. Eat small frequent meals to avoid heartburn and hypoglycemia. Eat what you enjoy, but make healthy choices and go easy on sugars and starches to prevent excessive weight gain and gestational diabetes.

Can I eat fish during pregnancy?

Certain fish accumulate high levels of mercury from swimming in polluted waters. The FDA recommends avoiding those fish that are highest in mercury, including shark, tilefish, swordfish and king mackerel. Shellfish, shrimp and smaller fish such as snapper, catfish and salmon are lower in mercury, and up to 12 ounces a week is recommended. Canned tuna is low in mercury and can be included in the total of 12 ounces a week. Tuna steak is higher in mercury than canned tuna, and should be limited to 6 ounces a week. Raw fish and meat can carry parasites and other microbes that could cause potential harm to the mother and fetus. While these infections are extremely rare, it is wise to avoid raw meat and fish for this reason.

Can I eat deli meats during pregnancy?

Unpasteurized cheeses and deli meats can carry Listeria, a bacterium that can cause miscarriage and fetal infection. While this is extremely uncommon in the USA, it is wise to avoid regular intake of unpasteurized dairy products or deli meats for this reason. Listeria is killed by high temperatures so deli meats heated in the microwave until steaming are certainly safe.


The FDA provides detailed advice on food safety for women who are pregnant or are planning pregnancy at http://www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/healtheducators/ucm081785.htm.


Can I exercise during my pregnancy?

Moderate exercise, such as swimming, walking, and low-impact aerobics, are normally safe during pregnancy.

Staying active is great for you and the baby. If you have an uncomplicated pregnancy you can continue your current exercise regimen with a few modifications. When doing cardiovascular exercise (walking, running, biking, elliptical trainer) a good guideline is to keep your heart rate at a maximum of about 140 beats per minute. This will allow blood flow to go to the uterus as well as your large muscles. If you are working out with weights, modify exercises that require you to be flat on your back or flat on your stomach after 12 weeks. Cut out abdominal exercises, they won’t be effective. If you are not a regular exerciser, walk for 20-30 minutes 3-5 times a week, and consider a prenatal yoga or pilates class. Occasionally complications such as bleeding, preterm labor or high blood pressure will prevent you from being able to exercise, but for most women regular exercise is a great way to prevent excessive weight gain, reduce stress, and keep the physical strength necessary to deliver and take care of a new baby.

Can I drink coffee or other caffeinated beverages while pregnant?

You should avoid or reduce consumption of coffee, sodas, and other beverages high in caffeine.

Caffeine is safe in small quantities (1-2 caffeinated beverages daily). It is recommended to limit caffeine consumption to less than 200 to 300 mg per day. . to reduce the risk of possible adverse reproductive effects.

Can I drink alcohol during pregnancy?
There is no safe limit of alcohol in pregnancy. Complete avoidance is the best policy.

Can I consume artificial sweeteners while I am pregnant?

There is no evidence that use of aspartame (Nutrasweet®), sucralose (Splenda®), saccharin (Sweet 'N Low®), acesulfame potassium (Sunnet®), or stevioside (Stevia®) by pregnant women increases the risk of birth defects above the baseline risk in the general population.

Is sex safe during pregnancy?

Sex is safe in pregnancy unless you have complications such as bleeding, preterm
contractions or a low-lying placenta. While sex may make you have mild contractions, it will not make an otherwise healthy pregnant woman go into premature labor. Unless we tell you otherwise, continue your normal sexual practices if you want to.

Can I get my hair colored?

Hair color including highlights are safe during pregnancy. The portion of hair that is outside of the scalp is dead tissue and does not absorb anything into the bloodstream.

Can I paint my baby’s room?

Inhaling volatile paint fumes is not good for any human, pregnant or not. While normal
casual exposure to paint does not cause birth defects, use good judgment if you are painting and make sure the room is well ventilated.

Can I take a bath?

Exposure to very high temperatures (more than 103 degrees F) for long periods of time in baths, hot tubs or saunas can increase the risk of spina bifida during the first 2 months of pregnancy. Normal temperature baths (98-101 degrees) are safe and can be very relaxing. If you are concerned,
put a thermometer in your bathtub.

Can I travel?

If you have an uncomplicated pregnancy it is safe to travel until you are likely to go into
labor. We generally recommend staying close to home after 36 weeks, and not leaving the country in the third trimester (after 26-28 weeks) unless absolutely necessary. Flying is safe in pregnancy but may increase your risk for blood clots, so wear support hose on long flights and move about the cabin once an hour. With long road trips make frequent rest stops to stretch your legs and maintain circulation.